How To Furnish Your Home Cheaply & Sustainably

Olivia Burton

I’ve lived in share houses for nearly a decade, from sh*thole flats in Manchester infested with mice, to big houses in Sydney that freeze over every winter.

Aside from my improved ability to clean dishes, I’ve developed an essential skill of furnishing my home cheaply and sustainably.

Finding unique and essential items for your home adds character and connection, rather than being thrown on the street a year later.

Image via Your Home & Garden

sustainable home design

Start with a plan

It can be really overwhelming to know where to start and sometimes it just seems easier to run to Ikea to mass buy. Sadly, even going to Ikea to buy furniture for your home requires planning, otherwise you’ll be arguing with your housemate down Aisle 24 about what type of light bulbs you need.

Start by drawing up a list including: essential items with space measurements i.e. a sofa, budget, style / colour schemes (optional), non-essential items i.e. wall hangings, budget and dates available to collect. During the furnishing process, it’s great to go back to, saving time, money and waste. It’s also really fun to flick through Instagram and Pinterest for ideas!

sustainable home design

Aim for second hand furniture

Some people have the impression that second-hand furniture means it’s bug infested or broken, when actually it’s neither. Buying second-hand furniture for your home can save money, landfill space and the environment. It can take slightly longer to look for what you want but it’s worth it in the end. I generally start online in my local area with the drop down tool; op-shops and local markets are useful too. When buying second-hand online feel free to check out an item first, always bring a friend or flatmate.

Places to look:

Live the LA Lifestyle in Loft near Metro


Research big-ticket items

Understandably, not all items will be found second-hand on the street. For example, most people want a new mattress, which can be the most expensive item in a home and should last up to a decade. Also newer electrical items are generally more energy efficient and therefore environmentally and economically better.

It’s more environmentally friendly to buy something that will last, than just buying an item cheaply that breaks. The big-ticket items can take much longer to buy but are the most important to research. Try looking at the following things:

  • Brand ethos – is there a transparency report or social-responsibility breakdown? For example Ikea just announced a buy-back service to return unwanted furniture, ensuring less landfill waste.
  • Material – Synthetic material takes a long time to breakdown and can be harmful, aim for natural instead. In terms of mattresses, here’s a guide. In terms of furniture, look for sustainably sourced wood.
  • CertificationsGECA is a great place to start and Sustainable Furnishings Council (SFC) is a great guide.

Get crafty & fix what you have

If you have the time, the internet is a guidebook to all the fun things you can make yourself for your home. A pallet couch for your garden is an easy place to start, or even up cycling a chair with new fabric (if I can do it, anyone can). Take it one step further and find a course to make something, there’s plenty around on up cycling. Bunnings also has plenty of guides on up cycling and DIY projects.

If you don’t have the time or effort, try Etsy to buy a crafty piece of furniture someone else has handmade!

DIY pallet couch

Buy plants

Plants are amazing for any home, even a shoebox room that smells like feet. They are natural air purifiers, improve your health, linked to mental health benefits and make any home look better.

They are cheap to source from markets or local garden stores, here’s a guide from Domain if you want specifics.

sustainable home design

Sell or giveaway old pieces you don’t want anymore

Lastly, please don’t throw your old furniture into the street to be put into landfill if it’s salvageable. Some of the best pieces of furniture I’ve got are from kind people that have given them to me for free.

People move a lot and furniture can’t always be taken, so if you need to get rid of something carefully consider if someone else can use it, or if it can be up cycled. It takes a few minutes to put something online for free or give it a charity (if it’s in good condition!).

Images via Pinterest and Adobe Stock


How to furnish your home cheaply and sustainably

Olivia Burton

Olivia is an eco-writer, producer, science graduate & ocean enthusiast. After moving from London to Sydney, she found her love for the outdoors and recycled textiles, which led her to start writing about science and sustainable fashion. Olivia is really passionate about brands using fashion for good and innovation in the industry. She now splits her time between several not-for-profit organisations in communication roles. Olivia is also a Centre for Sustainability Leadership alumni and sits on the Fashion Revolution committee for Australia & New Zealand.