Viscose (rayon) – “The faux silk”
Viscose is classed as a type of rayon and referenced interchangeably, made from wood pulp and again neither natural nor synthetic due to the extensive chemical processing.
It is dubbed a faux silk, often found in clothing in cheap high-street retailers such as Zara in place of silk or blended with other materials like linen as it’s a cheap and soft material. Viscose can be less durable than other rayon types as it’s processed slightly different to ensure its lightweight and soft, meaning it won’t last as long as silk and may lose shape.
It is often recommended for garments made from viscose to be dry clean only or hand-washed, here’s a How-To Guide for hand-washing clothing made from viscose or rayon.
Via Live Kindly
Orange Fiber – “The new kid on the block”
Yes, really – orange waste fabric is a thing. Designers and engineers are taking hold of the fruit waste textile market and have created a world-first in Italy in 2014– Orange Fiber. This material is using citrus fruit waste in a similar process to the other cellulose man-made fabrics, creating a sustainable silk-like yarn. It is generally blended with other fibres such as cotton, elastane and silk, to create a durable and high-quality fabric. The material is saving thousands of tons of waste, applying the closed-loop system. Zesty.
Modal – “The luxury material”
A modern type of rayon – modal. This incredibly soft and luxurious fabric is the posh one of the rayon family, disguised as its own material and developed in Japan in the 1950s.
It is made from spinning beech tree pulp (which uses very little water to grow) in similar chemical processing as the other rayon types, except with less sodium hydroxide making it more environmentally friendly.
Modal is deemed a wonder material, with many qualities that set it apart from traditional rayon types such as its ability to not lose shape when wet (doesn’t shrink), eco-friendlier due to fewer chemicals and use of regenerative plants, it doesn’t pill and it’s stretchy. Modal is generally made in a closed-loop system, meaning no chemicals or water are wasted during the process. Modal material garments can also be washed at home in cold water and in a dryer on low heat.